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History

Costa Rica is one of the oldest democracies in the Americas. Since the civil war of 1948, the country has no standing army; in fact, the Constitution expressly forbids it. During the last 50 years Costa Rica has established a well-developed conservation system, not only nature wise, but also regarding its social and cultural wealth.

As early as 1948, a free compulsory educational system was consolidated, resulting in a literacy rate of over 93%. Almost 90% of all high school students attend public institutions, and the four most prestigious universities are still public. Generous government budgets provide medical coverage for every working citizen, resulting in an extremely low infant mortality rate and average life expectancy of over 70 years.

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Costa Rica is located in Central America, between the Caribbean and the Pacific Oceans. It has more than 5% of the total species of planet Earth with only 0.003% of the land, being the smallest of the twenty megadiverse countries in the World. 

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Costa Rica is a peaceful and neutral country. We abolished our army in 1948 and all military budget was assigned to education, housing, and health.

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The litteracy rate of Costa Rica is 96.7% with education free and mandatory since 1870. 

The government is constitutionally required to allocate at least 8% of the country’s GDP from its annual budget to educational programs.